Public Spaces and Right to the City: Barcelona paves the way towards Habitat III
RIPESS/Urgenci participation in the Right to the City Platform meeting and Habitat lll Consultation on Public Spaces in Barcelona 2-5th April 2016
At the Mexico City Habitat lll meeting, a session was dedicated to Social and Solidarity Economy in which RIPESS participated. This also helped us to move forward in various discussions. RIPESS, as a joined-up solidarity economy movement promotes the need for an overall economic paradigm shift and the implementation of a human rights-based economy that is anchored in concepts such as the social justice of fair income for producers linked to accessible prices for consumers, and the need to decommodify the economic system (especially on fundamental aspects such as food, housing, health, education, energy and other essential public services), and support a community-based approach to their collective management.
Urgenci, as the global community supported agriculture network is an active participant in the global food sovereignty movement, and a member of RIPESS. We have therefore to a large extent taken on the responsibility of ensuring that the idea of territorial food systems is part of the on-going vision of including food in the elements that are brought forward in both the R2C and Habitat lll conversations. This is all the more important as urban agriculture is estimated to be capable of feeding a maximum of 20% of the world’s mega cities at best. The importance of preserving peri-urban land for small-scale food production – especially CSAs, Community gardens, allotments etc – is therefore key. The use of Community Land Trusts is an important lever to ensure this land is sustainably protected from speculation, and the Voluntary Guidelines for the Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests elaborated by the CFS (UN Committee on Food Security), with the strong input of Civil Society through the CSM (Civil Society Mechanism), are key tools. Both CSA and Community Land trusts are mentioned in the Habitat lll Mexico consultation on finance final declaration, and the need for SSE as an overall approach and the preservation of public land from speculation and use for food production in peri-urban areas is clearly mentioned in the Barcelona Declaration, as is the overall human rights-based approach.
XES, as the local platform for Solidarity Economy, and a RIPESS EU member was also well represented in promoting this position and shared the input, both by the director and various members present in both the R2C and official Habitat lll Barcelona meetings.
During the R2C meeting, there was a workshop on food issues where 2 members of Urgenci participated: Isa Alvarez from Nekaserea in the Basque Country, and Judith Hitchman, president of Urgenci. Nekaserea are also members of REAS, the Spanish Solidarity Economy network that is part of RIPESS. Emily Mattheison from FIAN, the global network of the Right to Food, Laia Fargas Fursa of DESC, the Catalan Observatory on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and also a member of XES as well as myself all participated as did many others. Some of the main conclusions of the workshops in which we participated were that solidarity economy districts such as those in Italy can help to provide a joined-up response to the neo-liberal economy. SSE allows us to build positive alternatives of all kinds to reclaim the Commons. These alternatives need to be scaled out rather than scaled up (i.e. multiplication of many small initiatives connected at local, regional, national and international levels with bottom-up governance rather than recreation of large-scale initiatives that are managed top-down). This implies struggles and bringing pressure to bear to ensure our historical rights are respected, and poses the question of how to connect to institutions. States have become largely ineffectual in terms of ensuring peoples’ economic, social and cultural rights are fulfilled, but it is possible to work at both UN and Local Authority level towards these goals. SSE, as a cross-cutting systemic economic paradigm change approach that can provide answers to making cities more inclusive spaces. Habitat lll should work more deeply with other UN agencies as many issues that are cross-cutting are not currently taken up in a holistic way (ILO and FAO in particular, on labour and food issues).
In terms of the more specific aspects relative to the right to food and the building of genuine alternative food systems and implementation of food sovereignty, the implementation of Local Food Policy Councils forms part of a coherent way forward towards the participatory governance of territorial food systems. The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact could be one of the means that would help achieve such results, but indicators are yet to be put in place to ensure that results can be concretely verified. It is also important that adequate infrastructure be in place to enable small-scale food producers to access cities, be it in terms of roads, local farmers’ markets or other aspects. The work currently being carried out on policy in the framework of the CFS is key to this.
In conclusion, it is impossible to make the unsustainable management of cities more sustainable by merely tweaking the details without changing the fundamental aspects of land and property governance and rights to housing, food, health, education and social, economic and cultural justice. For the Right to the City Platform where the re-appropriation of public space implies social justice and human rights, this is totally in harmony with the rights-based approach of RIPESS. And as the right to food is also central to Urgenci and the food sovereignty movement, and CSA is one of the key levers for feeding cities and also building territorial food systems that mitigate climate change, we were happy to have had this opportunity to participate in these meetings and make a small contribution.
The extraordinary dynamics of the newly elected members of the Barcelona city Council were clear at all moments of the meetings, and truly inspirational for all those present. May the road set by Ada Colau and her colleagues lead us all together towards a truly sustainable approach to public spaces and the Commons!
This is the link to the Final Declaration of the Barcelona Consultation:
Judith Hitchman 14th April 2016.